Narendra MODI

Nascido em 17 Setembro de 1950

Primeiro ministro da Índia desde 26 de maio de 2014 

Predador desde que chegou ao poder

Índia, 142o/180 no Ranking Mundial da Liberdade de Imprensa 2021

Dear [Name of Candidate],

I am writing to ask you what you plan to do to defend the First Amendment, freedom of the press, and the fundamental rights of journalists to practice their profession freely in what has become an increasingly hostile environment for information and news providers.

The United States, which enshrines press freedom in the First Amendment of its Constitution, is currently witnessing a drastic decline in media freedom. On June 28, one of the most horrific attacks on press freedom in the United States occurred when five employees, including four reporters, were killed at the Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland. According to the US Press Freedom Tracker, which comprehensively documents press freedom violations in the US committed by national, state, and local authorities as well as private individuals, 33 journalists were arrested, 43 were physically attacked, and 15 seizures of journalists’ equipment occurred in 2017. In one of these incidents, Rep. Greg Gianforte physically assaulted a Guardian journalist the night before his state’s election. While covering the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, journalists were impersonated on social media, impeding their ability to accurately investigate the facts and disseminate information which could be vital to preventing a similar tragedy. This hostility towards the press not only risks compromising the American public’s right to be informed through journalists’ reporting, but can also degrade the public’s trust in the media itself.

This is not a partisan issue; it is a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics. Journalism is at the crux of our democracy, and communities everywhere rely on journalists to provide them with information that is essential to their daily decision-making processes. It was local investigative journalist Curt Guyette who broke the story about Flint, Michigan’s lack of access to clean water in 2014, prompting years of class-action lawsuits, protests, and subsequent federal assistance to the city in order to try to resolve the crisis. Reporters Megan Twohey, Jodi Kantor, and Ronan Farrow publicized sexual assault allegations against influential Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in 2017, leading to the ubiquitous and powerful #MeToo movement which brought decades of sexual abuse and harassment across multiple industries to light.

Yet freedom of the press in the US is currently in dire need of congressional support. It is our civic duty as one of the world’s leading democracies to uphold principles that support and protect the rights of journalists so that they may hold those in power accountable and ensure an informed and engaged community.

If you are elected, what do you plan to do to protect this utterly essential component of our democracy? What are your plans to protect the public’s right to be informed through a free and independent press?

[Your name]
Hello, my name is _______ and I am from [city, state].

I’m calling to let you know that [candidate/representative]'s stance on freedom of the press is extremely important in my decision to vote. I feel that this is not a partisan issue, but a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics.

I have become increasingly concerned with the growing climate of hostility for journalists in this country, and I would like for [candidate/representative] to publicly address what they will do to defend press freedom if [he/she] is elected.

Thank you.
Freedom of the press is suffering in the US. @[yourcandidate] if you are elected to serve in Congress, what are your plans to protect journalists and our right to be informed? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

Democracy depends on a free and independent press and its ability to hold those in power accountable. [@yourcandidate] will you take measures to protect journalism and the First Amendment? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

In June, four reporters were murdered in an appalling targeted attack on the Capital Gazette and freedom of the press. [@yourcandidate] what will you do to address the growing threat to journalists in this country? #DefendPressFreedom

Press freedom is in steady decline in the US. I want my representative to defend the work of journalists as well as my right to be informed. [@yourcandidate] if you are elected what will you do to protect a free press? #DefendPressFreedom
Journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. And yet in the US, attacks on journalists are becoming more common, undermining the media's role and creating opportunities for government overreach, the erosion of press freedom, and impeding our right to be informed. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join me at

A free press is essential to our democracy. Communities everywhere rely on journalists to report on our government’s actions and hold public figures accountable, providing us with the information we need to make decisions every day. And yet physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists in the US are increasing at an astonishing rate. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. You should too. Read more at

Press freedom is declining in the US at an alarming rate. Physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists have increased drastically in the last two years. As the US midterm elections approach, we must remind our congressional candidates that journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. I’m contacting my representatives and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join in and help me spread the word at


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    MODO DE PREDAÇÃO: nacional-populismo e desinformação

    À frente do estado de Gujarat a partir de 2001, Narendra Modi usa esta província do oeste da Índia como laboratório para seu sistema de controle da informação, que implantará integralmente a partir de sua ascensão ao cargo de Primeiro-Ministro em 2014. Sua primeira arma é saturar a grande mídia com discursos e informações que legitimam sua ideologia nacional-populista.

    Para levar a cabo esse plano, desenvolveu vínculos privilegiados com os principais líderes industriais do país, que dirigem vastos impérios de mídia. Particularmente insidiosa, a manobra tem duas vertentes: por um lado, ao se aliar aos magnatas da imprensa, Narendra Modi consegue uma cobertura favorável - os jornalistas dos grandes meios de comunicação sabem que correm o risco de serem demitidos se criticarem o governo; por outro lado, a disseminação de seus discursos extremamente divisivos e estigmatizantes, que muitas vezes equivalem à desinformação, permite que a mídia comercial alcance audiências recordes. Nesse contexto, só resta a Narendra Modi neutralizar os veículos de imprensa e jornalistas que recusem seu discurso maniqueísta.

    Para isso, dispõe de um arsenal judicial, com medidas particularmente liberticidas para a imprensa: os jornalistas arriscam-se, por exemplo, à prisão perpétua se forem alvo da acusação, extremamente vaga, de perturbação da ordem pública. Para completar seu arsenal, Narendra Modi conta com um exército de “yodha” (“guerreiros”, em hindi), trolls que atacam jornalistas que os desagradam com terríveis campanhas de ódio na Internet e nas redes sociais, cujas campanhas quase que sistematicamente se transformam em incitações a assassinatos..

    ALVOS PREFERIDOS: os “sickulars” e as “presstituídas 

    A jornalista Gauri Lankesh, assassinada com quatro balas na frente de sua casa em setembro de 2017, é a vítima mais emblemática do Hindutvha, a matriz ideológica do movimento nacionalista hindu que Narendra Modi exalta diariamente. De forma geral, todos os jornalistas e meios de comunicação que questionam a doutrina nacional-populista do Primeiro-Ministro são rapidamente chamados de “sickulars” (jogo de palavras com "sick" - doente, louco - e "secular" - progressista, laico).

    Como tal, tornam-se alvo dos “bhakt”, os devotos do chefe Modi, que os perseguem nos tribunais, os difamam na grande mídia e coordenam ataques online, que são muito mais virulentos quando visam mulheres, chamadas de “presstituídas”. As jornalistas Rana Ayyub e Barkha Dutt, por exemplo, tiveram seus dados pessoais divulgados e expostos à vendeta popular, acompanhados por terríveis incitações ao estupro coletivo.

    DISCURSO OFICIAL: a mídia contra o jornalismo

    Hoje, os jornalistas foram desmascarados. Se há crise de credibilidade, a culpa não é da mídia, mas daqueles que nela trabalham. Então parem de mexer conosco” (12 de maio de 2019).