With threats, physical attacks during demonstrations and murders, Brazil continues to be one of Latin America’s most violent countries for the media, and journalists are often killed in connection with their work. In most cases, these reporters, radio hosts, bloggers or other information providers were covering stories linked to corruption, public policy or organized crime in small or mid-sized cities, where they are more vulnerable. Jair Bolsonaro’s election as president in October 2018 after a campaign marked by hate speech, disinformation, violence against journalists and contempt for human rights heralds a dark era for democracy and press freedom in Brazil. Media ownership continues to be very concentrated, especially in the hands of big business families that are often closely linked to the political class. The confidentiality of journalists’ sources is under constant attack and many investigative reporters have been subjected to abusive judicial proceedings.
102 in 2018
31.20 in 2018