Ever more authoritarian

Venezuela’s president since 2013, Nicolás Maduro persists in trying to silence independent media outlets and keep news coverage under constant control. The extremely tense climate for journalists is reinforced by Maduro’s frequent references to “media warfare” in an attempt to discredit national and international media criticism of his administration. Harassment of independent media has intensified since 2017, and RSF has registered a record number of arbitrary arrests and violence against reporters by the police and intelligence services. The National Telecommunications Commission (CONATEL) strips overly critical radio and TV stations of their broadcast frequencies, and coordinates ad hoc Internet cuts, social media blocking and confiscation of equipment. Foreign reporters are often arrested, questioned and deported. Many Venezuelan journalists have fled the country since 2018 because of the threats and physical dangers. Most opposition print media have not survived all the various forms of harassment including newsprint shortages, while online media are subjected to repeated cyber-attacks that make their reporting more and more complex and expensive.

in the 2021 World Press Freedom Index



147 in 2020

Global score


45.66 in 2020

  • 0
    journalists killed in 2021
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2021
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2021
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