Assailed on both sides

Freedom of information in Somalia suffers from corruption, political violence, and the central government’s extreme weakness. Non-state entities control much of the country. Both the government and the rebel Islamist Al-Shabaab movement persecute journalists. Those who refuse to censor themselves are the targets of bombings or shooting by Al-Shabaab militants, or they are exposed to arbitrary detention or the closure of their media outlet by the authorities. Two journalists were killed because of their profession in 2016 and several others were killed in terrorist attacks targeting the intellectual elite in general. The editor of Xog Ogaal, one of Somalia’s leading dailies, was arrested in October 2016 in a blatant act of harassment by the authorities.

in the 2017 World Press Freedom Index



167 in 2016

Global score


65.35 in 2016

  • 2
    journalists killed in 2017
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2017
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2017
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