Continuing tension increases the dangers of journalism in Palestine. In the Gaza Strip, two Palestinian journalists were killed by Israeli snipers and dozens were wounded while covering the “March of Return” protests in May 2018. In the West Bank, the Israeli forces continued to subject Palestinian journalists to arrest, interrogation and administrative detention, often without any clear grounds. In recent years, the Israeli authorities have also closed several Palestinian media outlets for allegedly inciting violence.
For journalists, the price of the political rivalry between Fatah and Hamas in the Palestinian territories includes threats, heavy-handed interrogation, arrest without charge, intimidatory lawsuits and prosecutions, and bans on covering certain events. The political tension combined with harassment by the Israeli authorities complicates the work of Palestinian journalists to the point of self-censorship.
Several websites regarded by the Palestinian Authority as opposition media were blocked in 2017. Aditionally, online platforms such as Facebook and Twitter sometimes censor information. Under Israeli political pressure, they have deleted content or suspended the accounts of Palestinian journalists and media outlets accused of inciting violence. In some cases, deleted content has been restored in reponse to questioning, but local NGOs claim that Israeli and Palestinian content are not treated in the same way.
134 in 2018
42.96 in 2018