Faultless or almost

Article 100 of Norway’s 1814 constitution prepared the ground for media freedom. Today, the media are free and journalists are not subject to censorship or political pressure. Violence against journalists and media is rare, although some have been threatened by Islamist fundamentalists in recent years. The Media Ownership Act, a 1997 anti-concentration law that banned media groups from owning more than 40% of the shares in any TV station, radio station, or newspaper, was repealed in 2016 because it was regarded as unable to respond to the rapidly evolving media landscape. It was replaced by a media ownership transparency law that is less restrictive about concentration and is governed by legislation on competition. Norway’s media authority, Mediatilsynet, and the competition authority must now work together to ensure media diversity. The new, conservative-led coalition government cut subsidies for the media in the budget it presented in October 2017. Low-circulation newspapers and regional newspapers trying to survive in an increasingly competitive environment will be hard hit by this. The Norwegian National Human Rights Institution has criticized the government’s new code of criminal procedure on the grounds that it will not increase protection for the confidentiality of journalists’ sources because it is not sufficiently clear about the circumstances in which the police are allowed to violate this confidentiality.

in the 2018 World Press Freedom Index



1 in 2017

Global score


7.60 in 2017

  • 0
    journalists killed in 2019
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2019
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2019
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