Easily influenced media

The precarious state of Madagascar’s media and journalists renders them vulnerable to influence by businessmen and politicians, who own many media outlets. The presidential election held in late 2018, won by former transition leader Andry Rajoelina, confirmed the extreme politicization of the media – especially the print media. As almost all the newspapers backed either one of the leading candidates, access to objective and independent reporting was very limited. The foreign ministry wrote to the German Embassy in an attempt to prevent the publication of a poll in a news magazine funded by a German foundation. The so-called the Code of Communication, a media law adopted in 2016, makes it possible to try media offences under the criminal code, potentially criminalizing journalism. It provides for heavy fines for offences ranging from insult and defamation to the publication of “false news” – a vague charge that denies journalists the right to make a mistake. Covering influence-trafficking in connection with natural resources and the environment is still very dangerous.

in the 2019 World Press Freedom Index



54 in 2018

Global score


26.20 in 2018

  • 0
    journalists killed in 2020
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2020
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2020
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