Political pressure has increased since the parliamentary elections in 2017, making it harder and harder for journalists to operate. Harassment campaigns, death threats, and arrests have become all too common and often go unpunished. The pressure on the media has increased to the point that some journalists have had to flee to South Africa. Those that have stayed censor themselves. Newspapers and radio stations – the public’s main source of news due to the low literacy rate and newspaper distribution costs – have become less and less outspoken and depend on state advertising. Several privately-owned local radio stations have been closed on the grounds that they threatened state security. Online news coverage is still relatively unrestricted but Internet access is very limited due to the lack of infrastructure and connection costs.
68 in 2017
28.78 in 2017