Press freedom still pending in Jokowi’s second term
After President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo failed to keep his campaign pledges promising respect for press freedom during his first five-year term, his re-election in May 2019 was following by rioting in which many journalists were targeted. His presidency has been marked by drastic restrictions on media access to West Papua (the Indonesian half of the island of New Guinea), where violence against local journalists continues to grow. Foreign journalists and local fixers are liable to be arrested and prosecuted, both those who try to document the Indonesian military’s abuses and those who just cover humanitarian issues. Furthermore, the authorities no longer hesitate to disconnect the Internet at times of tension, as was the case in August 2019. As the Jakarta-based Alliance for Independent Journalists often reports, the military also intimidate reporters and even use violence against those who cover their abuses. Religious groups also threaten the media’s right to inform. Many journalists say they censor themselves because of the threat from an anti-blasphemy law and the Law on “Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik” (Electronic and Information Transactions Law).
124 in 2019
36.77 in 2019