El Salvador

El Salvador

Structural violence and government control

The media are among the victims of the widespread violence and drug trafficking in El Salvador, one of Latin America’s most dangerous countries. Several journalists have been murdered or physically attacked in recent years. The freedom to inform has steadily lost ground since Salvador Sánchez Cerén’s election as president in 2014. He has accused the media of waging a “campaign of psychological terror” against his government and has himself violated the rules on access to information. El Salvador’s legislation provides the media with little protection, and officials harass and threaten journalists who try to investigate corruption or government finances. The authorities tried to intimidate a team of investigative reporters with the online magazine Factum in February 2019 in a bid to get them to reveal their sources for a story that criticized the government.

in the 2019 World Press Freedom Index



66 in 2018

Global score


27.78 in 2018

  • 0
    journalists killed in 2020
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2020
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2020
Go to the barometre