The highly concentrated nature of media ownership in Ireland poses a major threat to press freedom. Independent News and Media (INM) controls 40% of the daily and Sunday newspaper market. The 1937 constitution guarantees media freedom but defamation lawsuits are common. Finally, interviewing police sources has been virtually impossible since the Garda Siochana Act of 2005, which bans police officers from talking to journalists without prior authorization. Officers contravening the ban risk dismissal, a fine, or up to seven years in prison.
9 in 2016
12.40 in 2016