Independent media under pressure

Media freedom declined steadily during Rafael Correa’s three consecutive terms as president (from 2007 to 2017). Correa constantly controlled the media agenda and did not hesitate to personally and publicly target critical media outlets. Controversial media legislation promulgated in June 2013 accentuated the polarization between the government and many privately-owned media outlets. The most common sanctions for journalists are dismissal and defamation suits that often lead to fines.

in the 2017 World Press Freedom Index



109 in 2016

Global score


33.21 in 2016

  • 0
    journalists killed in 2018
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2018
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2018
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