To combat cyber-censorship, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) asks:
To treat unrestricted Internet access and
guaranteed digital freedoms as fundamental rights.
To adopt laws guaranteeing digital freedoms,
including the protection of privacy and personal data from intrusion by the
police or intelligence services, and establish appropriate appeal mechanisms.
To ensure that communications surveillance
measures adhere strictly to the principles of legality, need and
proportionality, in accordance with article 19 of the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights.
To be more open and transparent about
surveillance requests submitted to companies, including the number of requests,
their legal basis and their purpose.
To bring their policies into line with those of
the governments that best control technology exports and sanction companies
that cooperate with authoritarian regimes.
The European Union:
To add unrestricted Internet access and
guaranteed digital freedoms to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the
In relations between EU members, with other
countries and with international bodies such as the WTO, to treat Internet
surveillance mechanisms as protectionist mechanisms and barriers to trade, and
combat them as such.
To ensure that there are standardized and
uniform procedures for monitoring and controlling surveillance technology and
for sanctioning its misuse.
The United Nations
To reinforce the mandate of the UN Working Group
on the issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other Business
Enterprises, in particular, by allowing it to receive individual complaints and
to investigate individual cases of human rights violations linked to
To consider drafting an international convention on
Internet surveillance technology exports under which the exportation of this
technology could be controlled and could be banned in the case of a substantial
riskthat it could be used to commit or facilitate human rights violations.