The media situation is generally satisfactory. The media are free and independent and Estonia is yet again riding high in the World Press Freedom Index. The media market is dominated by two publishers, Eesti Media and Ekspress Group, and by the public broadcaster ERR. Local media outlets that are not part of the Eesti Media group feel some economic pressure from municipal governments that fund media outlets linked to them. More effective regulation of this market is therefore needed.
The “fake news” issue has received less attention in the past year, with concern now focused on attacks by hackers on the IT systems of the Estonian media.
12 in 2017
13.55 in 2017