The justice department announced today that Rappler, its editor and CEO, Maria Ressa, and one of its former reporters, Reynaldo Santos Jr., are to be charged over a 2012 article about alleged ties between businessmen Wilfredo Keng and the then president of the country’s supreme court.
The charges, which carry a possible 12-year jail sentence, are based on the complaint that Keng brought five years later, in October 2017, under a cyber-crime law that was enacted several months after the article’s publication.
The National Bureau of Investigation dismissed the complaint in February 2018 because the law was not retroactive and because of a one-year prescription on filing complaints, but reversed its decision the following month. The justice department is reviving the case on the grounds that a principle of “continuous publication” can be applied to websites.
“The judicial harassment used by President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration to persecute Rappler’s journalists is becoming grotesque,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “It would be almost laughable if it weren’t for the terrible judicial precedent that this decision would set, if upheld. We urge the court that handles this case to show independence and wisdom by dismissing it once and for all.”
The authorities have been systematically targeting Rappler for more than a year with the aim of intimidating its journalists. Four charges of tax evasion and failing to file income tax returns were brought against Rappler and Ressa in November. A fifth, completely spurious, charge was brought in December.
In January 2018, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that it was revoking Rappler’s licence on the grounds that it had violated a ban on foreign ownership of media outlets, spuriously claiming that, by issuing Philippine Depositary Receipts to raise funds, it had sold some of its stock to foreign investors.
RSF referred this unacceptable attack on media independence to various international bodies. In response to Rappler’s appeal against the SEC decision, a court ruled in July that the website should be allowed “reasonable time" to resolve any dispute about its financial structure.
The Rappler reporter assigned to covering the Malacañang presidential palace was meanwhile denied entry to the palace in February 2018 on Duterte’s personal orders.
The Philippines is ranked 133rd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index.