In all, at least 28 journalist journalists have been arrested in the course of the past month of pro-democracy street protests, against which, after hesitating for weeks, the junta suddenly began making much wider use of deadly force three days ago.
But, whereas reporters covering past protests were quickly released after being arrested, things have changed radically in the past few days, and at least eleven journalists were in detention as of this morning (2 March).
The latest to be arrested was Kaung Myat Naing (aka Aung Kyaw) of the Democratic Voice of Burma news agency, who live-streamed police coming to arrest him at his home in the far south city of Myeik at around 10:30 p.m. yesterday. You can hear him ask the police if they have a warrant, to which they respond with shouts and gunfire.
“We call on Myanmar’s government to order the immediate and unconditional release of all the journalists currently detained, and to drop the charges against them,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “It is absolutely crucial that reporters should be able to cover this dramatic moment in Myanmar’s history. The generals who took power must realize that the world is looking at them and that history will judge them.”
The ten journalists currently detained include Chinland Post reporter Salai David, who was arrested yesterday morning in Hakha, the capital of the western state of Chin. Monywa Gazette reporter Lay Min Soe was arrested yesterday in Monywa, in the central region of Sagaing, but was released later in the day after sustaining injuries in the beating he received from the police.
A Chinese reporter for the Xinhua news agency was meanwhile hit by rubber bullets while covering a protest in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city, in the south of the country.
Six journalists were arrested in various parts of the country on 28 February. YamaNya Taing reporter Lin Tun was released the next day (yesterday) after being arrested in the southern city of Mawlamyine. 74 Media website reporter Paung Lan Taung was released later the same day after being arrested in the northern city of Myitkyina. Ye Yint Tun, a journalist with the Than Taw Sint newspaper, was jailed after being arrested in the southwestern city of Pathein.
Chun Journal editor Kyaw Nay Min was taken to Inn Sein prison after being arrested in Yangon. Freelance reporter Soe Yarzar Tun suffered the same fate.
The sixth journalist to be arrested on 28 February was Shin Moe Myint, a Yangon-based psychology student who was covering the protests as a freelancer. Two witness told RSF she was badly beaten before being bundled into a police van and taken in the direction of Inn Sein prison. She was finally released today.
Six reporters were arrested on 27 February while covering protests in their respective cities. Associated Press photographer Thein Zaw and Myanmar Pressphoto Agency photographer Ye Myo Khant were arrested in Yangon’s Hle Dan district. Myanmar Now reporter Kay Zon Nwe was live-streaming the crackdown on a protest at Yangon’s Myaynigone Junction when the police arrested her and took her away. Freelance editor Banyar Oo was also arrested and sent to Inn Sein prison.
In the central region of Sagaing, the staff of the Monywa Gazette reported on Facebook that their CEO Kyaw Kyaw Win was badly beaten by plainclothes police on 27 February before being taken away in a police van. He was released the next day. Hakha Times CEO Par Pwie was also released the next day after being arrested while live-streaming a protest in the western state of Chin.
A sixth journalist was arrested on 27 February. It was the Myay Latt newspaper’s Zar Zar, who was arrested in the central city of Magway. She was released the same day.
Three years in jail
According to the information obtained by RSF, which has not been confirmed by the authorities, the ten journalists currently being detained are to be charged under article 505 (a) of the penal code with spreading false information, which carries a possible jail sentence that was recently extended from two to three years. Those close to Ye Myo Khant, one of the photographers arrested on 27 February, said they shared this fear.
On 26 February, before this wave of arrests, RSF posted a video of Yuki Kitazumi, a Japanese reporter and documentary filmmaker, being arrested in Yangon. He was released the same day. Wai Yan, a Chinese photo-journalist working for the Xinhua news agency, was also briefly arrested on 26 February.
Two Monywa-based reporters, Tin Mar Swe of MCN TV News and Khin May San of The Voice magazine, were quickly released after being arrested on 25 February but have been charged under article 505 (a) of the penal code.
The 1 February coup cut short a transition to democracy in Myanmar and has set press freedom back ten years, back to when prior censorship was the rule and independent media were constantly persecuted.
Myanmar is ranked 139th out of 180 countries in RSF's 2020 World Press Freedom Index.