Yance Wenda, a photographer for the local news website Jubi, was arrested and beaten by police yesterday, the eve of World Press Freedom Day, while he was covering a peaceful demonstration in Sentani, a suburb of Jayapura, West Papua’s largest city. After being held for four hours, Wenda told the BenarNews website that the police began hitting him with “hands, guns and cane” without giving him a chance to show them his media assignment letter. Jayapura police chief Gustav Urbinas acknowledged that Wenda was arrested but denied that the police hit him. Wenda nonetheless took photos of his injuries and posted them online as evidence of the police brutality.
“We firmly condemn the police violence against Yance Wenda and we call for an investigation so that both the perpetrators and their superiors, who endorse their brutality, can be brought to justice,” said Benjamin Ismaïl, the head of RSF’s Asia- Pacific desk. “Indonesia is in the bottom third of the 2017 World Press Index and this beating, the latest in a long series of attacks on media freedom in West Papua in recent months, constitutes yet further evidence that it did not deserve to host the World Press Freedom Day celebration.”
Ismaïl added: “UNESCO and all the political figures gathered in Jakarta must condemn the violence and ask President Joko Widodo to stop playing a double game that consists of promoting media freedom with the international community while continuing to crack down in West Papua.”
Indonesia is ranked 124th out of 180 countries in the 2017 World Press Freedom Index that RSF published on 26 April. It is not unusual for both local and foreign journalists to be threatened anonymously or by the authorities and to be forced to censor themselves. Last week, the West Papua police seized TV reporter Richardo Hutahaean’s camera and deleted its contents. Hutahaean, who heads an association of Papua TV journalists, and two colleagues also received death threats after a covering a court hearing on a dispute between local politicians.
Because of the alarming media freedom situation in West Papua, the harassment of journalists and the frequent refusal to give press visas to foreign journalists, human rights organizations plan to protest during the events organized by UNESCO and the Indonesian government in order to press the international community to react. RSF expresses its support for the Legal Aid Centre for the Press (LBH Pers), which organized a public discussion on media freedom in West Papua on 2 April.
The foreign media are usually prevented from working in West Papua and on the rare occasions when they are allowed to operate there, they are kept under close surveillance. French journalists Franck Escudie and Basile Longchamp were deported on 17 March after arriving in West Papua to film for a documentary.
Another French journalist, Cyril Payen, was refused permission to return to Indonesia in 2016 after France 24 broadcast a documentary he had made about West Papua, entitled “Forgotten war of the Papuas.” He had had nonetheless obtained all the necessary authorizations before visiting West Papua to film for the documentary in 2015.