December 15, 2020 - Updated on March 5, 2021

Filipina journalist arrested for firearms planted by police

Lady Ann “Icy” Salem is seen during her arrest on 10 December, 2020 (photo: Altermidya).
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) demands the immediate and unconditional release of Lady Ann Salem, a Manila-based alternative journalist who was arrested on a firearms charge at the end of a raid on her home in which the police planted the evidence.


Update - 5 March 2021

Today, exactly one month after a court dismissed the case against her, Manila Today editor Lady Ann Salem was finally released from prison. RSF condemns this arbitrary delay, which prolonged her detention, although the court had ruled that the search warrant that led to arrest her was “null and void’’.


The co-founder of the alternative media network Altermidya and editor of the Manila Today news site, Salem – also known as “Icy” Salem – is now facing up to 20 years in prison on a trumped-up charge of illegal possession of firearms and explosives, a charge that does not allow release on bail.


When the police arrived at her home in a Manila suburb at around 9 a.m. on 10 December, they refused to let her contact her lawyer and made her turn her face to the wall while they carried out a search.


“While I was forced to turn my back for an hour, they planted the evidence,” she managed to tell another journalist as she was being led away to a police vehicle. The police claim they found four .45 pistols and four grenades during the search.


“The police clearly planted the evidence to incriminate ‘Icy’ Salem in an utterly shameless manner,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “In view of their shocking methods, we demand this journalist’s immediate and unconditional release. This latest attack on independent media by the Philippine authorities just discredits President Rodrigo Duterte’s government on the international stage.”




The police used exactly the same method when they arrested Frenchie Mae Cumpio, the editor of the Eastern Vista news website in the eastern city of Tacloban on 7 February. Police officers planted firearms in her home when carrying out her arrest.


Like Manila Today, Eastern Vista is part of the Altermidya network of alternative media outlets that are committed to independent journalism and to defending the most marginalized sectors of Philippine society. As a result, they are routinely branded as communist by the authorities, a process known as “red-tagging.”


A hangover from the Cold War and, before that, from when the country was a US colony, “red-tagging” is a typically Philippine practice under which dissenting individuals or groups, including journalists and media outlets, are identified to the police and paramilitaries as legitimate targets for arbitrary arrest or, worse still, summary execution.


Relentless war


During a parliamentary hearing on 1 December, the government-run National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict (NTF-ELCAC) formally labelled members of the Altermidya network as violent communist activists without presenting the least shred of evidence in support of this claim.


Altermidya is the latest victim of the Duterte administration’s relentless war against independent media. Its targets include Maria Ressa, the founder and CEO of the independent news website Rappler, who had to post bail and appear in court on 4 December as a result of a new warrant for her arrest on a charge of online criminal defamation. Ressa is currently the subject of at least eight different cases by various government agencies.


Last July, the irascible and authoritarian president’s supporters in congress drove the final nails into the coffin of the country’s biggest radio and TV network, ABS-CBN, by refusing to give it a new franchise, after previously refusing to extend its 25-year franchise when it expired in May.


The Philippines is ranked 136th out of 180 countries in RSF's 2020 World Press Freedom Index.