Reporters Without Borders condemns yesterday’s decision by Azerbaijan’s supreme court to confirm well-known newspaper editor Hilal Mammadov’s five-year jail sentence on trumped-up charges of drug trafficking, inciting hate, and high treason.
Mammadov’s lawyer had asked the supreme court to free him at once and quash his September 2013 conviction (upheld on 25 December) on the grounds that that he was the victim of many procedural violations and that the prosecution fabricated the evidence against him.
The editor of the Talysh-language newspaper Tolishi Sado, Mammadov has always denied the charges. His lawyer said he would now appeal to the European Court of Human Rights
Held since June 2012, Mammadov is one of the political prisoners whose existence was again denied by President Ilham Aliyev yesterday when addressing the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
The Committee for the Defence of Hilal Mammadov’s rights petitioned the supreme court at the start of June, stressing the dangers that continued detention poses to Mammadov’s health.
He has respiratory and immunological problems and is very exposed to the possibility of infection because he is being held in a hut with 130 other people. The level of hygiene and medical attention in Azerbaijan’s prisons is poor.
Tolishi Sado’s previous editor, Novruzali Mamedov, died in a Baku prison hospital for lack of proper medical attention in 2009, a year after being sentenced to 10 years in prison on charges of spying and inciting hatred.
27.09.2013 - Five-year jail term for editor two weeks before presidential election
Reporters Without Borders condemns the five-year-jail sentence that a serious crimes court in Baku passed yesterday on Hilal Mammadov (Хилал Маммадов), editor of the Talysh-language newspaper Tolishi Sado, on trumped-up charges of drug trafficking, inciting hate, and high treason.
Detained since 21 June 2012, Mammadov defends the rights of Azerbaijan's Talysh minority, who speak a language similar to Persian and live mainly in the south of the country.
“This sentence was only to be expected after the nightmare that Mammadov has endured for more than a year, with fabricated charges that kept changing, appalling conditions of detention, and a trial marked by procedural irregularities and no respect for defence rights,” Reporters Without Borders said.
“Everything points to a political trial carried out in a spirit of vengeance against a journalist critical of the government. If justice has any meaning in Azerbaijan, this verdict will be overturned on appeal and Mammadov will be released.”
Mammadov’s lawyers said they would appeal but Mammadov has already announced that he will not seek a pardon. Before the court passed sentence, he thanked all those who supported him and called the trial a “shameful stain, not only on Azerbaijan’s judicial system but also on the country’s image.”
Many international observers attended the final hearing. They included representatives of the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the US, German, French and Norwegian embassies.
Mammadov’s case echoes that of Tolishi Sado's previous editor, Novruzali Mamedov (no relation), who was sentenced to 10 years in prison in 2008 on charges of spying and inciting hatred, and died in a Baku prison hospital the following year because he did not get proper treatment.
As well as editing Tolishi Sado and running the Talysh Cultural Centre, Mammadov is also known as the creator of a popular video song entitled "Who do you think you are? Go, goodbye." It has become a favourite of protest movements in many former Soviet countries and has been used by the Russian opposition to call for Vladimir Putin's departure.
Respect for freedom of information was already minimal in Azerbaijan, ranked 156th out of 179 countries in the latest Reporters Without Borders press freedom index, but it has declined further in the run-up to the 9 October presidential election and harassment of outspoken media has increased steadily in recent weeks.
On 11 September, the supreme court upheld a nine-year prison sentence for Avaz Zeynalli, the editor of the daily Khural. Then, on 17 September, the journalist Parviz Gashimli was arrested on the absurd charge of trafficking guns from Iran, which carries a maximum sentence of eight years in prison.
The opposition newspaper Bizim Yol’s parliamentary correspondent, Gashimli also runs the Moderator.az news website and the Centre for the Protection of Citizens’ Civil and Political Rights, and is a member of the Popular Front opposition party.
His lawyer, who has repeatedly been denied access to his client, says he fears Gashimli is being tortured.