Bolivia’s media are advised to refrain from any negative comments about President Evo Morales, who has been president since 2006, or his administration. Under supreme decree 181 of 2009, journalists who “lie,” “play party politics,” or “insult” the government may be denied income from state advertising. Such financial pressure is all the more effective because Bolivia is South America’s poorest country. Journalists who are regarded as troublesome are subject to judicial harassment. The victims have included Wilson García Mérida since 2016 and Yadira Peláez Imanereico since 2017. Combined with arbitrary arrests and a high level of impunity for violence against journalists, there exists a climate of self-censorship throughout the country.
107 in 2017
33.88 in 2017