Bolivia’s media are advised to refrain from any negative comments about the government headed by Evo Morales, who has been president since 2006. Under supreme decree 181 of 2009, journalists who “lie,” “play party politics” or “insult” the government may be denied income from state advertising. Such financial pressure is all the more effective because Bolivia is South America’s poorest country. Arbitrary arrests and prosecutions and impunity for violence against journalists foster a climate of self-censorship throughout the country.
97 in 2016
31.78 in 2016