Prédateur

HUN SEN

5 août 1952



Premier ministre du royaume du Cambodge depuis le 14 janvier 1985 

(“Deuxième Premier ministre” entre 1993 et 1998) 

Prédateur depuis 2016



Cambodge, 144e/180 au Classement mondial de la liberté de la presse 2021



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Dear [Name of Candidate],

I am writing to ask you what you plan to do to defend the First Amendment, freedom of the press, and the fundamental rights of journalists to practice their profession freely in what has become an increasingly hostile environment for information and news providers.

The United States, which enshrines press freedom in the First Amendment of its Constitution, is currently witnessing a drastic decline in media freedom. On June 28, one of the most horrific attacks on press freedom in the United States occurred when five employees, including four reporters, were killed at the Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland. According to the US Press Freedom Tracker, which comprehensively documents press freedom violations in the US committed by national, state, and local authorities as well as private individuals, 33 journalists were arrested, 43 were physically attacked, and 15 seizures of journalists’ equipment occurred in 2017. In one of these incidents, Rep. Greg Gianforte physically assaulted a Guardian journalist the night before his state’s election. While covering the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, journalists were impersonated on social media, impeding their ability to accurately investigate the facts and disseminate information which could be vital to preventing a similar tragedy. This hostility towards the press not only risks compromising the American public’s right to be informed through journalists’ reporting, but can also degrade the public’s trust in the media itself.

This is not a partisan issue; it is a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics. Journalism is at the crux of our democracy, and communities everywhere rely on journalists to provide them with information that is essential to their daily decision-making processes. It was local investigative journalist Curt Guyette who broke the story about Flint, Michigan’s lack of access to clean water in 2014, prompting years of class-action lawsuits, protests, and subsequent federal assistance to the city in order to try to resolve the crisis. Reporters Megan Twohey, Jodi Kantor, and Ronan Farrow publicized sexual assault allegations against influential Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in 2017, leading to the ubiquitous and powerful #MeToo movement which brought decades of sexual abuse and harassment across multiple industries to light.

Yet freedom of the press in the US is currently in dire need of congressional support. It is our civic duty as one of the world’s leading democracies to uphold principles that support and protect the rights of journalists so that they may hold those in power accountable and ensure an informed and engaged community.

If you are elected, what do you plan to do to protect this utterly essential component of our democracy? What are your plans to protect the public’s right to be informed through a free and independent press?

Sincerely,
[Your name]
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Hello, my name is _______ and I am from [city, state].

I’m calling to let you know that [candidate/representative]'s stance on freedom of the press is extremely important in my decision to vote. I feel that this is not a partisan issue, but a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics.

I have become increasingly concerned with the growing climate of hostility for journalists in this country, and I would like for [candidate/representative] to publicly address what they will do to defend press freedom if [he/she] is elected.

Thank you.
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Freedom of the press is suffering in the US. @[yourcandidate] if you are elected to serve in Congress, what are your plans to protect journalists and our right to be informed? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

Democracy depends on a free and independent press and its ability to hold those in power accountable. [@yourcandidate] will you take measures to protect journalism and the First Amendment? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

In June, four reporters were murdered in an appalling targeted attack on the Capital Gazette and freedom of the press. [@yourcandidate] what will you do to address the growing threat to journalists in this country? #DefendPressFreedom

Press freedom is in steady decline in the US. I want my representative to defend the work of journalists as well as my right to be informed. [@yourcandidate] if you are elected what will you do to protect a free press? #DefendPressFreedom
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Journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. And yet in the US, attacks on journalists are becoming more common, undermining the media's role and creating opportunities for government overreach, the erosion of press freedom, and impeding our right to be informed. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join me at DefendPressFreedom.com

A free press is essential to our democracy. Communities everywhere rely on journalists to report on our government’s actions and hold public figures accountable, providing us with the information we need to make decisions every day. And yet physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists in the US are increasing at an astonishing rate. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. You should too. Read more at DefendPressFreedom.com

Press freedom is declining in the US at an alarming rate. Physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists have increased drastically in the last two years. As the US midterm elections approach, we must remind our congressional candidates that journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. I’m contacting my representatives and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join in and help me spread the word at DefendPressFreedom.com

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    MODE DE PRÉDATION : le sabordeur




    Au pouvoir depuis plus de 30 ans, l’indéboulonnable Premier ministre Hun Sen a, petit à petit et inexorablement, sabordé la liberté de la presse initialement garantie par les accords de paix de 1991, jusqu’à réduire son espace à une peau de chagrin. Sous des atours démocratiques, Hun Sen a construit un système marqué par une vaste corruption, où les pouvoirs économiques et politiques sont concentrés, en toute opacité, dans les mains d’un groupe restreint de personnes - qui ne veulent certainement pas que des journalistes un peu trop fouineurs enquêtent sur leurs affaires. Sentant son pouvoir lui échapper, le Premier ministre a mis en place un plan méticuleux de suppression de la presse indépendante à l’été 2017, à un an d’élections législatives qu’il craignait de perdre. Pour cela, son gouvernement a déployé un arsenal de mesures fallacieuses pour interdire, entraver, intimider tous les médias indépendants. En un mois, pas moins d'une trentaine d'organes de presse ont été forcés de cesser leurs activités. Certains journalistes croupissent en prison pour des accusations totalement fabriquées. En parallèle, le “système Hun Sen” a permis de parfaire un appareil de propagande à toute épreuve, grâce à la mainmise de ses affidés sur les médias de masse, et plus particulièrement à travers l’agence multimédia Fresh News, robinet à désinformation pro-gouvernementale. Début 2021, Hun Sen a fini de saborder la presse cambodgienne en s’attaquant aux derniers organes de presse qui survivent en ligne : la mise en place d’une “grande muraille numérique”, encore en chantier, doit permettre à son gouvernement de contrôler tout accès à l’internet en fonction de la nature des contenus consultés. Inspirée du modèle autoritaire chinois, l’arme est redoutable.



    CIBLES FAVORITES : les derniers défenseurs de la démocratie khmère



    Après le cauchemar du régime khmer rouge, la presse a joué un rôle absolument fondamental dans l’établissement de la démocratie au Cambodge à partir des années 1990. Ce sont les animateurs historiques de la liberté de la presse qui sont visés par les coups de boutoirs du clan Hun Sen. Le Cambodia Daily, plus ancien quotidien bilingue du pays, khmero-anglophone, a été forcé de fermer en 2017 après que le gouvernement lui a soudainement réclamé la somme vertigineuse de 5,5 millions d’euros. À la même époque, plus de 30 stations de radio ont dû cesser de diffuser leurs programmes d’information. Quelques mois plus tard, le rachat par un magnat proche du Premier ministre du Phnom Penh Post, le dernier organe de presse indépendant du pays, a fini de tuer la presse indépendante. Aujourd’hui ne restent plus que quelques “soldats” isolés, comme l’Alliance des journalistes du Cambodge (CamboJA), pour poursuivre, tant bien que mal, le combat pour la liberté de la presse.


    DISCOURS OFFICIEL : la menace et l’exécution


    Vous deux, là… qui travaillez pour Radio Free Asia et le Cambodia Daily, qui êtes toujours contre moi… Écrivez bien les choses correctement. Ou vous vous en souviendrez.” (Adresse de Hun Sen à deux journalistes, en mai 2017. Leurs deux médias fermeront quatre mois plus tard.)