Depredador

Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN

26 de febrero de 1954



Presidente de la República de Turquía, después de haber sido primer ministro desde 2003

Depredador desde 2009

 

 Turquía, 153°/180 en la Clasificación Mundial de la Libertad de Prensa 2021



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Dear [Name of Candidate],

I am writing to ask you what you plan to do to defend the First Amendment, freedom of the press, and the fundamental rights of journalists to practice their profession freely in what has become an increasingly hostile environment for information and news providers.

The United States, which enshrines press freedom in the First Amendment of its Constitution, is currently witnessing a drastic decline in media freedom. On June 28, one of the most horrific attacks on press freedom in the United States occurred when five employees, including four reporters, were killed at the Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland. According to the US Press Freedom Tracker, which comprehensively documents press freedom violations in the US committed by national, state, and local authorities as well as private individuals, 33 journalists were arrested, 43 were physically attacked, and 15 seizures of journalists’ equipment occurred in 2017. In one of these incidents, Rep. Greg Gianforte physically assaulted a Guardian journalist the night before his state’s election. While covering the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, journalists were impersonated on social media, impeding their ability to accurately investigate the facts and disseminate information which could be vital to preventing a similar tragedy. This hostility towards the press not only risks compromising the American public’s right to be informed through journalists’ reporting, but can also degrade the public’s trust in the media itself.

This is not a partisan issue; it is a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics. Journalism is at the crux of our democracy, and communities everywhere rely on journalists to provide them with information that is essential to their daily decision-making processes. It was local investigative journalist Curt Guyette who broke the story about Flint, Michigan’s lack of access to clean water in 2014, prompting years of class-action lawsuits, protests, and subsequent federal assistance to the city in order to try to resolve the crisis. Reporters Megan Twohey, Jodi Kantor, and Ronan Farrow publicized sexual assault allegations against influential Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in 2017, leading to the ubiquitous and powerful #MeToo movement which brought decades of sexual abuse and harassment across multiple industries to light.

Yet freedom of the press in the US is currently in dire need of congressional support. It is our civic duty as one of the world’s leading democracies to uphold principles that support and protect the rights of journalists so that they may hold those in power accountable and ensure an informed and engaged community.

If you are elected, what do you plan to do to protect this utterly essential component of our democracy? What are your plans to protect the public’s right to be informed through a free and independent press?

Sincerely,
[Your name]
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Hello, my name is _______ and I am from [city, state].

I’m calling to let you know that [candidate/representative]'s stance on freedom of the press is extremely important in my decision to vote. I feel that this is not a partisan issue, but a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics.

I have become increasingly concerned with the growing climate of hostility for journalists in this country, and I would like for [candidate/representative] to publicly address what they will do to defend press freedom if [he/she] is elected.

Thank you.
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Freedom of the press is suffering in the US. @[yourcandidate] if you are elected to serve in Congress, what are your plans to protect journalists and our right to be informed? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

Democracy depends on a free and independent press and its ability to hold those in power accountable. [@yourcandidate] will you take measures to protect journalism and the First Amendment? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

In June, four reporters were murdered in an appalling targeted attack on the Capital Gazette and freedom of the press. [@yourcandidate] what will you do to address the growing threat to journalists in this country? #DefendPressFreedom

Press freedom is in steady decline in the US. I want my representative to defend the work of journalists as well as my right to be informed. [@yourcandidate] if you are elected what will you do to protect a free press? #DefendPressFreedom
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Journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. And yet in the US, attacks on journalists are becoming more common, undermining the media's role and creating opportunities for government overreach, the erosion of press freedom, and impeding our right to be informed. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join me at DefendPressFreedom.com

A free press is essential to our democracy. Communities everywhere rely on journalists to report on our government’s actions and hold public figures accountable, providing us with the information we need to make decisions every day. And yet physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists in the US are increasing at an astonishing rate. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. You should too. Read more at DefendPressFreedom.com

Press freedom is declining in the US at an alarming rate. Physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists have increased drastically in the last two years. As the US midterm elections approach, we must remind our congressional candidates that journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. I’m contacting my representatives and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join in and help me spread the word at DefendPressFreedom.com

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    MÉTODO DE DEPREDACIÓN: ‘democradura’ agresiva



    Al presidente turco no le gusta la prensa o, mejor dicho, solo le gusta sumisa, dócil y alabando sus méritos. Armado de la ley de inteligencia, de una ley antiterrorista con un alcance tan amplio que facilita todos los abusos, y también de otra ley que permite procesar a cualquiera por "insultar al presidente", Recep Tayyip Erdogan tiene absoluta libertad para perseguir a cualquier voz disonante. También se ha hecho con el control de los principales grupos de medios (y en especial de las televisiones), utilizando diversos mecanismos políticos o económicos. El estado de emergencia, decretado en julio de 2016 a raíz del fallido golpe de Estado, desató una ola de arrestos sin precedentes entre los periodistas y brindó la oportunidad de cerrar más de 100 periódicos, revistas, televisores y radios. A pesar de todo, unos pocos tribunales y altos órganos judiciales (el tribunal constitucional, la corte de casación, el Consejo de Estado, etc.) consiguen dar muestras de resistencia. No obstante, el ambiente deteriorado contribuye a fomentar la violencia contra los periodistas: más de un centenar ha sufrido agresiones violentas en los últimos cinco años y uno de ellos, que trabajaba en una emisora de radio en Bursa, fue asesinado por un oyente.   


    OBJETIVOS PREDILECTOS: los periodistas críticos



    Da igual si son de izquierdas, prokurdos, cercanos al movimiento Gülen, laicistas, nacionalistas... Cualquier periodista o medio considerado crítico puede acabar en el banquillo de los acusados. Aunque Turquía ya no es la mayor cárcel del mundo para los periodistas, el riesgo de encarcelamiento y el temor de tener que trabajar bajo supervisión judicial o sin pasaporte sigue siendo omnipresente. En 2020, casi 50 periodistas fueron detenidos, sobre todo por haber cubierto el tema de los refugiados sirios en la frontera con Grecia o por escribir sobre la pandemia de Covid-19. Otra constante es la censura en internet que acecha a cualquier tema de interés público que implique a personalidades cercanas al poder: azuzados por la bota de Erdogan, los jueces de paz bloquearon en 2020 más de 1.300 enlaces que llevaban a artículos en línea (sobre corrupción, clientelismo, etc.).


    DISCURSO OFICIAL: negacionismo envuelto en amenazas


    Nunca hemos hecho nada contra la libertad de expresión o la libertad de prensa. Al contrario, la prensa en Turquía me ha criticado mucho, a mí y a mi gobierno, y me ha atacado mucho. Y a pesar de estos ataques, hemos tenido mucha paciencia en la forma con que les hemos dado respuesta”. (Entrevista en CNN, el 1 de abril de 2016).