Ismaïl Omar GUELLEH

27 de noviembre de 1947

Presidente de Yibuti desde el 8 de mayo de 1999 

Depredador desde que llegó al poder

 Yibuti, 176°/180 en la Clasificación Mundial de la Libertad de Prensa 2021

Dear [Name of Candidate],

I am writing to ask you what you plan to do to defend the First Amendment, freedom of the press, and the fundamental rights of journalists to practice their profession freely in what has become an increasingly hostile environment for information and news providers.

The United States, which enshrines press freedom in the First Amendment of its Constitution, is currently witnessing a drastic decline in media freedom. On June 28, one of the most horrific attacks on press freedom in the United States occurred when five employees, including four reporters, were killed at the Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland. According to the US Press Freedom Tracker, which comprehensively documents press freedom violations in the US committed by national, state, and local authorities as well as private individuals, 33 journalists were arrested, 43 were physically attacked, and 15 seizures of journalists’ equipment occurred in 2017. In one of these incidents, Rep. Greg Gianforte physically assaulted a Guardian journalist the night before his state’s election. While covering the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, journalists were impersonated on social media, impeding their ability to accurately investigate the facts and disseminate information which could be vital to preventing a similar tragedy. This hostility towards the press not only risks compromising the American public’s right to be informed through journalists’ reporting, but can also degrade the public’s trust in the media itself.

This is not a partisan issue; it is a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics. Journalism is at the crux of our democracy, and communities everywhere rely on journalists to provide them with information that is essential to their daily decision-making processes. It was local investigative journalist Curt Guyette who broke the story about Flint, Michigan’s lack of access to clean water in 2014, prompting years of class-action lawsuits, protests, and subsequent federal assistance to the city in order to try to resolve the crisis. Reporters Megan Twohey, Jodi Kantor, and Ronan Farrow publicized sexual assault allegations against influential Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in 2017, leading to the ubiquitous and powerful #MeToo movement which brought decades of sexual abuse and harassment across multiple industries to light.

Yet freedom of the press in the US is currently in dire need of congressional support. It is our civic duty as one of the world’s leading democracies to uphold principles that support and protect the rights of journalists so that they may hold those in power accountable and ensure an informed and engaged community.

If you are elected, what do you plan to do to protect this utterly essential component of our democracy? What are your plans to protect the public’s right to be informed through a free and independent press?

[Your name]
Hello, my name is _______ and I am from [city, state].

I’m calling to let you know that [candidate/representative]'s stance on freedom of the press is extremely important in my decision to vote. I feel that this is not a partisan issue, but a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics.

I have become increasingly concerned with the growing climate of hostility for journalists in this country, and I would like for [candidate/representative] to publicly address what they will do to defend press freedom if [he/she] is elected.

Thank you.
Freedom of the press is suffering in the US. @[yourcandidate] if you are elected to serve in Congress, what are your plans to protect journalists and our right to be informed? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

Democracy depends on a free and independent press and its ability to hold those in power accountable. [@yourcandidate] will you take measures to protect journalism and the First Amendment? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

In June, four reporters were murdered in an appalling targeted attack on the Capital Gazette and freedom of the press. [@yourcandidate] what will you do to address the growing threat to journalists in this country? #DefendPressFreedom

Press freedom is in steady decline in the US. I want my representative to defend the work of journalists as well as my right to be informed. [@yourcandidate] if you are elected what will you do to protect a free press? #DefendPressFreedom
Journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. And yet in the US, attacks on journalists are becoming more common, undermining the media's role and creating opportunities for government overreach, the erosion of press freedom, and impeding our right to be informed. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join me at

A free press is essential to our democracy. Communities everywhere rely on journalists to report on our government’s actions and hold public figures accountable, providing us with the information we need to make decisions every day. And yet physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists in the US are increasing at an astonishing rate. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. You should too. Read more at

Press freedom is declining in the US at an alarming rate. Physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists have increased drastically in the last two years. As the US midterm elections approach, we must remind our congressional candidates that journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. I’m contacting my representatives and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join in and help me spread the word at


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    MÉTODO DE DEPREDACIÓN: dictadura totalitaria

    El régimen de Yibuti ejerce un control despiadado sobre la libertad de información. En este pequeño estado del Cuerno de África, solo tienen permiso para operar un puñado de medios estatales cuya misión es soltar la propaganda y la comunicación del gobierno. Los demás están condenados a la clandestinidad, al exilio o a la represión. El arsenal de técnicas de depredación utilizado para que no se implante el periodismo independiente es muy importante: rastreo de fuentes de información y periodistas que trabajan para medios extranjeros, detenciones, allanamientos, acoso judicial, amenazas, vigilancia, cortes a voluntad de internet, interferencias en las radios, censura de los medios digitales de noticias... Cuando Jeune Afrique le preguntó en 2020 sobre la completa ausencia de medios independientes en su país, Ismail Omar Guellé puso como excusa que el coste era alto y el “mercado, reducido”. Seychelles, también en África, tiene diez veces menos habitantes que Yibuti y cuenta con una televisión, dos estaciones de radio y tres periódicos privados. El estancamiento es más político que económico. La comisión encargada de estudiar las solicitudes de los medios de comunicación nunca ha llegado a crearse, aunque está prevista por la ley de libertad de comunicación, un texto que data de 1992. Esta última, en sí misma, constituye un obstáculo -que puede considerarse grave- a la libertad de información ya que, entre otras cosas, contempla penas de prisión por delitos de prensa, así como limitaciones de edad y de nacionalidad para crear un medio de comunicación.

    OBJETIVOS PREDILECTOS: todas las voces críticas

    Los periodistas que proporcionan información a medios extranjeros y los corresponsales de los medios de La Voix de Djibouti, un grupo de prensa en el exilio que trabaja con fuentes y reporteros locales, son sistemáticamente rastreados y vigilados. También se les detiene de forma regular.

    DISCURSO OFICIAL: la charlatanería

    Los corresponsales de los que usted habla no son periodistas de verdad, sino personas, a veces casi analfabetas, que utilizan esto como tapadera. De hecho, no hemos encarcelado a nadie". (Ismail Omar Guellé sobre los periodistas de La Voix de Djibouti en una entrevista con Jeune Afrique, en noviembre de 2020).