Depredador

HUN SEN

5 de agosto de 1952



Primer ministro del Reino de Camboya desde el 14 de enero de 1985 ("Segundo Primer ministro" entre 1993 y 1998) 

Depredador desde 2016



Camboya, 144°/180 en la Clasificación Mundial de la Libertad de Prensa 2021



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Dear [Name of Candidate],

I am writing to ask you what you plan to do to defend the First Amendment, freedom of the press, and the fundamental rights of journalists to practice their profession freely in what has become an increasingly hostile environment for information and news providers.

The United States, which enshrines press freedom in the First Amendment of its Constitution, is currently witnessing a drastic decline in media freedom. On June 28, one of the most horrific attacks on press freedom in the United States occurred when five employees, including four reporters, were killed at the Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland. According to the US Press Freedom Tracker, which comprehensively documents press freedom violations in the US committed by national, state, and local authorities as well as private individuals, 33 journalists were arrested, 43 were physically attacked, and 15 seizures of journalists’ equipment occurred in 2017. In one of these incidents, Rep. Greg Gianforte physically assaulted a Guardian journalist the night before his state’s election. While covering the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, journalists were impersonated on social media, impeding their ability to accurately investigate the facts and disseminate information which could be vital to preventing a similar tragedy. This hostility towards the press not only risks compromising the American public’s right to be informed through journalists’ reporting, but can also degrade the public’s trust in the media itself.

This is not a partisan issue; it is a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics. Journalism is at the crux of our democracy, and communities everywhere rely on journalists to provide them with information that is essential to their daily decision-making processes. It was local investigative journalist Curt Guyette who broke the story about Flint, Michigan’s lack of access to clean water in 2014, prompting years of class-action lawsuits, protests, and subsequent federal assistance to the city in order to try to resolve the crisis. Reporters Megan Twohey, Jodi Kantor, and Ronan Farrow publicized sexual assault allegations against influential Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in 2017, leading to the ubiquitous and powerful #MeToo movement which brought decades of sexual abuse and harassment across multiple industries to light.

Yet freedom of the press in the US is currently in dire need of congressional support. It is our civic duty as one of the world’s leading democracies to uphold principles that support and protect the rights of journalists so that they may hold those in power accountable and ensure an informed and engaged community.

If you are elected, what do you plan to do to protect this utterly essential component of our democracy? What are your plans to protect the public’s right to be informed through a free and independent press?

Sincerely,
[Your name]
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Hello, my name is _______ and I am from [city, state].

I’m calling to let you know that [candidate/representative]'s stance on freedom of the press is extremely important in my decision to vote. I feel that this is not a partisan issue, but a fundamental right that impacts every American no matter their politics.

I have become increasingly concerned with the growing climate of hostility for journalists in this country, and I would like for [candidate/representative] to publicly address what they will do to defend press freedom if [he/she] is elected.

Thank you.
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Freedom of the press is suffering in the US. @[yourcandidate] if you are elected to serve in Congress, what are your plans to protect journalists and our right to be informed? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

Democracy depends on a free and independent press and its ability to hold those in power accountable. [@yourcandidate] will you take measures to protect journalism and the First Amendment? Will you #DefendPressFreedom?

In June, four reporters were murdered in an appalling targeted attack on the Capital Gazette and freedom of the press. [@yourcandidate] what will you do to address the growing threat to journalists in this country? #DefendPressFreedom

Press freedom is in steady decline in the US. I want my representative to defend the work of journalists as well as my right to be informed. [@yourcandidate] if you are elected what will you do to protect a free press? #DefendPressFreedom
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Journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. And yet in the US, attacks on journalists are becoming more common, undermining the media's role and creating opportunities for government overreach, the erosion of press freedom, and impeding our right to be informed. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join me at DefendPressFreedom.com

A free press is essential to our democracy. Communities everywhere rely on journalists to report on our government’s actions and hold public figures accountable, providing us with the information we need to make decisions every day. And yet physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists in the US are increasing at an astonishing rate. I’m contacting my candidates and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. You should too. Read more at DefendPressFreedom.com

Press freedom is declining in the US at an alarming rate. Physical, verbal, and online attacks against journalists have increased drastically in the last two years. As the US midterm elections approach, we must remind our congressional candidates that journalists play a crucial role in our democracy by keeping us informed and holding those in power accountable. I’m contacting my representatives and encouraging them to defend press freedom during their midterm election campaign. Join in and help me spread the word at DefendPressFreedom.com

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    MÉTODO DE DEPREDACIÓN: la devastación




    El indestructible primer ministro Hun Sen, en el poder desde hace más de 30 años, ha ido hundiendo poco a poco y de manera inexorable la libertad de prensa, que fue garantizada en un principio por los acuerdos de paz de 1991 y que ahora se ve reducida a un descampado.Con los resortes de la propia democracia, Hun Sen ha construido un sistema marcado por una gran corrupción en el que los poderes económicos y políticos están concentrados de manera totalmente opaca en manos de unas pocas personas. Y estas personas no quieren que los periodistas demasiado entrometidos anden fisgoneando sus asuntos.Al sentir que su poder se desvanecía, el primer ministro puso en marcha un plan meticuloso para reprimir la prensa independiente en el verano de 2017, cuando faltaba un año para unas elecciones parlamentarias que temía perder. Con este fin, su gobierno desplegó un arsenal de medidas arteras para prohibir, obstaculizar e intimidar a todos los medios independientes. En un mes, al menos 30 medios de comunicación se vieron obligados a cesar sus actividades. Algunos periodistas agonizan en prisión por cargos totalmente inventados. Al mismo tiempo, el “sistema Hun Sen” ha permitido perfeccionar un aparato propagandístico infalible gracias a que ha puesto a partidarios suyos al frente de los medios de comunicación, y sobre todo, mediante la agencia multimedia Fresh News, una fuente de desinformación a favor del gobierno. A principios de 2021, Hun Sen terminó de destruir a la prensa camboyana al atacar a los últimos medios de comunicación que sobrevivían en internet: estableció una "gran muralla digital", que aún se está construyendo, y que facultará a su gobierno para controlar cualquier acceso a internet en función de la naturaleza del contenido consultado. Inspirada en el modelo autoritario chino, se trata de un arma formidable.



    OBJETIVOS PREDILECTOS: los últimos defensores de la democracia jemer



    Después de la pesadilla del régimen de los Jemeres Rojos, la prensa desempeñó una función clave en la instauración de la democracia en Camboya, desde la década de 1990. Los promotores históricos de la libertad de prensa son los objetivos de los golpes del clan Hun Sen. El Cambodia Daily, el diario bilingüe (en jemer e inglés) más antiguo del país, se vio obligado a cerrar en 2017 después de que el gobierno le exigiera de repente la asombrosa cantidad de 5,5 millones de euros. Al mismo tiempo, más de 30 estaciones de radio tuvieron que dejar de emitir sus programas informativos. Unos meses después, un magnate cercano al primer ministro tomaba el control  del Phnom Penh Post, el último medio impreso independiente del país, lo que dio la estocada final a la prensa independiente. En la actualidad solo quedan unos pocos "soldados" aislados, como la Alianza de Periodistas de Camboya (CamboJA), que continúan lo mejor que puedan con la lucha por la libertad de prensa.


    DISCURSO OFICIAL: amenaza y ejecución


    Ustedes dos, los de allí... los que trabajan para ‘Radio Free Asia’ y el ‘Cambodia Daily’, que siempre están en mi contra... Escriban las cosas correctamente, o se acordarán". (Discurso de Hun Sen a dos reporteros, en mayo de 2017. Los medios de ambos cerraron cuatro meses después).