Press freedom has been dramatically curtailed by major political upheavals and violence including the seizure of the capital, Sanaa, by Houthi rebels allied with former President Saleh in September 2014, the collapse of the alliance with Saleh (who was murdered in 2017), and a Saudi-led Arab military intervention that began in March 2015. Journalists are now constantly exposed to threats, attacks, and abduction when they are not the victims of the Arab coalition’s airstrikes. At least ten journalists and media workers are currently held by the Houthis, most of them since 2015, and one is being held by Al-Qaeda. In the part of the country controlled by the so-called legitimate government, journalists are often the victims of abuses by militias backed by the United Arab Emirates. Local independent coverage of the war is rare, as most media outlets are controlled by the various parties to the conflict. On the internet, many websites are blocked since the Houthis took control of the Ministry of Telecommunications. Citizen-journalists are under surveillance in all areas of Yemen and get arrested for posts on social media.
166 in 2017
65.80 in 2017