Victims of the civil war
2016 has been one of the deadliest for journalists in Afghanistan, where the war imposed by the Taliban is the main source of violence. By sowing terror, the Taliban and Islamic State have created information “black holes” in many regions since 2015. Afghanistan struggles to protect its journalists in this increasingly violent civil war. Nonetheless, its constitution and legislation guarantee freedom of information and it is the only country in the world to have created “committees for the safety of journalists” made up of representatives of the state and journalists’ associations. But many governors and local officials are unable to accept the principle of media independence, and the police and military are implicated in several cases of violence against journalists.