The signing of historic peace accords between the government and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in September 2016 dispelled a great deal of tension and inspired optimism. However, the accords have been slow to take effect and the press freedom situation is still a source of concern. Colombia continues to be one of the western hemisphere’s most dangerous countries for the media, and its journalists continue to be permanently threatened by “bacrims,” gangs of former paramilitaries now involved in drug trafficking. Death threats, physical attacks, abductions and murders are common. Actions by armed groups such as the ELN with the aim of silencing the alternative or community media that try cover their activities lead to the creation of information “black holes,” especially in rural areas. Violence against journalists, in which local officials are often complicit, usually goes unpunished.
129 in 2017
41.47 in 2017