News

October 26, 2018

Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2018

26.10.2018 - Journalist arrested for writing “death” instead of “martyrdom”

 

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the arrest of Poyan Khoshhal, a journalist with the Tehran daily Ebtekar, on 24 October for referring in a 22 October article to the “death” instead of the “martyrdom” of Husayn ibn Ali, the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, also known as the “third Shia imam.”

 

 

The Tehran prosecutor announced the same day that the article would be the subject of a prosecution for “insulting the third Shia imam.” After the announcement, a hate campaign was unleashed against Khoshhal on social networks by government supporters, who posted his photo and phone number. He was also fired by the newspaper’s editor, Mohammad Ali Vakili, who is a reformist representative for Tehran in Iran’s parliament.

 

 

The article in which Khoshhal mistakenly typed “death” instead of the “martyrdom” offered health and hygiene advice for pilgrims participating in the Arba’een political and religious pilgrimage to Husayn’s traditional burial site in the Iraqi city of Karbala. The reason given for his arrest are typical of the absurd religious pretexts that the judicial system finds in order to silence critics of the regime's propaganda policies.

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25.10.2018 - Jailed citizen-journalist Saeed Malekpour denied medical care 

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the Iranian judicial system’s persecution of Saeed Malekpour, a citizen-journalist who has been in prison for the past ten years. After suffering a heart attack, he was taken to Tehran’s Taleghani Hospital on 22 October but was returned to his prison cell just two days later against the advice of the hospital’s doctors. During his ten years in prison, he has never been granted a furlough, whether to visit a doctor or a relative, although Iranian law provides for this.

 

Malekpour was a website designer living in Canada when he was arrested in 2008 while visiting his family in Iran. After his arrest, he was held incommunicado in Tehran’s Evin prison and was tortured, according to the information obtained by RSF. He was sentenced to death in November 2010 on a charge of creating “pornographic” websites and “insulting Islam’s sacred principles,” because he had created a photo-sharing app that was used without his knowledge to transmit pornographic images. His sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment.

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25.10.2018 - Citizen-journalist freed after eight months in prison

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that Poriya Nour, a citizen-journalist working with the Sufi Majzooban Noor website, was released on 19 October. Nour was arrested along with other journalists who work for the site on the night of 19 February, during clashes between police and members of the Sufi religious community of Gonabadi dervishes in the north Tehran district of Pasdaran.

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17.10.2018 - Journalists missing in Tehran prison for past 50 days

 The families of five detainees who worked for the Majzooban Noor website – journalists Reza Entesari, Kasra Nouri and Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam and citizen-journalists Sina Entesari and Amir Nouri – have had no news of them for the past 50 days. They were separated from other detainees at the start of September when riot police broke up a protest in Tehran prison about conditions, especially the degrading conditions for women.

  

Majzooban Noor is the only independent source of news and information about the Sufi religious community of Gonabadi dervishes in Iran.

 

 

Since the start of September, the intelligence ministry and the prison officials have refused to tell the families where they are holding the five journalists and citizen-journalists and three other members of this religious community, Mehdi Eskandari, Hessam Moieni and Morteza Kangarlou. All were arrested on the night of 19 February during clashes between police and members of this community in the north Tehran district of Pasdaran.

 

 

RSF calls on Javaid Rehman, the UN’s new special rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran, to intercede on behalf of these journalists, who were arrested arbitrarily and convicted without due process.

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06.09.2018 - Journalist’s conviction quashed after 15 months in prison

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that Abdol Reza Davari, the former editor of the newspaper Shahrvand and the government news agency Irna, was released on 1 September after the Tehran supreme court overturned his conviction. He had served 15 months of a three-year jail sentence on a charge of “insulting” Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei in three Facebook comments.

He was originally sentenced in September 2013 to six years in prison but it was reduced to three years on appeal. He began serving the sentence after his arrest in May 2017, two days after posting an open letter criticizing Ebrahim Raisi and Mostafa Pour Mohammadi, two members of a commission that passed death sentences in 1988 on thousands of political prisoners who refused to renounce their beliefs.

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04.09.2018 - Detained human rights lawyer’s husband arrested

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the arrest of Reza Khandan, the husband of Nasrin Sotoudeh, a prominent human rights lawyer who defends journalists. Intelligence ministry agents arrested him outside their Tehran home today, 12 weeks after Sotoudeh herself was arrested on 13 June.

 
 

In a Facebook post yesterday, Khandan said an intelligence ministry agent had called him and asked him to report next day to the ministry. “I told him that a telephone summons without a court decision was illegal,” Khandan wrote. “He replied: ‘So, you will be arrested.’” The father of two children, Khandan has often posted updates on Facebook about his wife’s situation.

 

 

In an interview yesterday for Radio Farda (Radio Free Europe), Khandan also voiced concern about his wife’s state of health and held the intelligence ministry responsible. She began a hunger strike ten days ago in protest against her detention and the five-year sentence she was given in absentia. Awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 2012, Sotoudeh has defended many journalists and citizen-journalists.

 


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29.08.2018 - Narges Mohammadi back in prison after 10 days in hospital

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is very concerned about the detained journalist and human rights activist Narges Mohammadi, who has been returned to prison after ten days in hospital although still in very poor health.

 

 

It was her third hospitalization in four months. The first was on 28 May, when she had uterine hemorrhaging. She underwent an operation the next day and was sent back to prison two days later. The second was on 30 June, when her gall-bladder and kidneys were inflamed. A range of conditions prompted her latest hospitalization on 16 August.

 

 

Detained for more than three years, the ailing Mohammadi has been illegally denied proper medical attention ever since her arrest in May 2015. She has also been denied the right to furloughs although, under Iranian law, all detainees are supposed to get one day of leave a month.

  

As well as a journalist, the 46-year-old Mohammadi was the spokesperson of Nobel peace laureate Shirin Ebadi’s Centre for Human Rights Defenders. Sentenced to a total of 16 years in prison on several charges, she is officially supposed to spend ten years in prison under a law adopted in the summer of 2015, under which those convicted serve only the sentence for the most serious charge.

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17.08.2018 - Journalist held over tweet is released on bail

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that Amir Hossein Miresmaili, a journalist with the daily newspaper Jahan Sanat (Industry World), was released on bail on 10 August pending trial. He was arrested on 12 July because of a tweet about assistance provided by the Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation to Palestinians in Gaza during the month of Ramadan.

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18.07.2018 - Another six years for Soheil Arabi, 18 months for his wife

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is outraged by the additional six-year jail sentence that the blogger Soheil Arabi, winner of the 2017 RSF Press Freedom Prize in the citizen-journalist category, has received from a Tehran revolutionary court, and by the 18-month jail sentence imposed on his wife, Nastaran Naimi.

 

 

The court convicted Arabi of “anti-government propaganda and “insulting Islam’s sacred symbols” in his prison writings, and convicted his wife of “assisting” in these crimes and because she circulated information about the conditions in which her husband has been held for the past four and a half years.

  

After his arrest in Tehran in December 2013, Arabi was mistreated and subjected to solitary confinement for two months to force him to confess to involvement in creating a Facebook network that “blasphemed” Islam and criticized the government. A long judicial saga ensued in which he was initially sentenced to three years in prison, 30 lashes and a heavy fine. A few months later, he was retried and sentenced to death, but the death sentence was eventually overturned and he was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison instead. His wife was detained for eight days July 2017 and has been harassed and threatened ever since

 

The health of Arabi, now held in “Great Tehran” prison, is a source of great concern because of his repeated hunger strikes and the inhuman and degrading treatment to which he has been subjected by the prison authorities. The aim of the judicial system’s persecution of both him and his family has been to get him to stop voicing criticism, even from behind bars.

 

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16.07.2018 – Newspaper reporter arrested over tweet

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the arrest of Amir Hossein Miresmaili, a journalist with the daily newspaper Jahan Sanat (Industry World), on 12 July because of a tweet about assistance provided by the Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation to Palestinians in Gaza during the month of Ramadan. This powerful foundation is one of Iran’s most important charities and handles enormous sums of money. Overseen by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, it has sections in various countries including Palestine, Somalia and Afghanistan, and operates as a state within the state.

 

Miresmaili’s offending tweet confirmed a report that Gazan citizens had been assisted with funds originally gathered by the foundation to help Iranians. The foundation’s activities abroad are much criticized in Iran, where, according to official data, 20 million people live under the poverty threshold. Miresmaili was previously arrested on 23 April over a tweet alleged by the authorities to constitute an “insult to the sacredness of Islam.” After being held for 24 days, he was released on bail pending trial. 

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12.07.2018 – Citizen-journalist sentenced to long jail term, 74 lashes
 

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the harsh sentence that the citizen-journalist Sadeq Qeisari received from a Tehran revolutionary court on 26 June. He was sentenced to seven years in prison, 74 lashes and a two-year ban on journalistic activity and international travel after completing his jail term. Qeisari was arrested when the authorities broke up a protest by Gonabadi dervishes in the north Tehran district of Pasdaran on 20 February. Like many other citizen-journalists, he has been given a harsh sentence although he was there just to cover the protest.

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02.07.2018 - Narges Mohammadi hospitalized again

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is extremely concerned about the imprisoned journalist and human rights defender Narges Mohammadi, who was hospitalized on 30 June with a gall-bladder and kidney inflammation and has other ailments, including muscular paralysis. She has no place in prison and should be freed at once, RSF says.

 

When Mohammadi was previously hospitalized on 28 May with uterine hemorrhaging, she underwent an operation the next day and was sent back to prison two days later.

Mohammadi used to work closely with Nobel peace laureate Shirin Ebadi and was the spokesperson of Ebadi’s Centre for Human Rights Defenders, which has been arbitrarily banned in Iran since 2006. Mohammadi has been arrested and convicted several times. After being released on medical grounds, she was arrested again in May 2015 to serve a six-year prison sentence. She began serving a second ten-year sentence in March 2017. 

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19.06.2018 - Human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh’s arrest

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the arrest of Nasrin Sotoudeh, a famous women’s rights lawyer who has defended many journalists and citizen-journalists and who was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 2012. Sotoudeh was arrested at her home on 13 June by plainclothesmen from the Tehran prosecutor’s office and was taken to Evin prison. 

In a brief phone call to her family two days later, she said she was being prosecuted for “defending the Avenue of the Revolution girls,” meaning the young women who have been taking to Tehran’s streets since December 2017 in protest against the obligation to wear a hijab in public. She is also accused of relaying their campaign calls to the media and on social networks.

 

Sotoudeh was previously arrested in September 2010 for criticizing arbitrary and illegal arrests and for calling on the regime to respect the rights of its victims, including the journalists and citizen-journalists it wanted to silence. She was sentenced to six years in prison but was freed three years later as a result of international pressure. Since then, she has continued to criticize human rights violations including, in interviews for international media, a provision in the new code of criminal procedure under which prisoners of conscience must choose a lawyer from a list compiled by the head of the judicial system.

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12.06.2016 - Judicial persecution of three citizen-journalists

Without any legal grounds, the intelligence ministry has blocked the conditional release of three young citizen-journalists – Mohammad Mohajer, Alireza Tavakoli and Mohammad Mehdi Zaman Zadeh – who have been held since September 2016. Convicted in April 2017 of “insulting [Supreme Leader] Ali Khamenei and Ruhollah Khomeini, the Islamic Republic’s founder,” “insulting what is most sacred in Islam” and anti-government propaganda, they were given 12-year jail sentences that were reduced to five years on appeal.

According to the information obtained by RSF, harassment of the three detainees has intensified during the past two months in Tehran’s Evin prison. The prison director has banned them from receiving medicine and clothes, and Mohajer was prevented from leaving the prison to see a doctor although a prosecutor had given his written approval.

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11.06.2018 - Telegram channel managers facing jail terms

The Iranian judiciary’s spokesman, Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, announced at a press conference on 27 May that the justice system has requested sentences ranging from 91 days to five years in prison for 14 people who managed news and information channels on the messaging app Telegram. There are other cases in which the prosecution has not yet decided on the sentence it will seek, Ejei added.


They include Hamidreza Amini, who was arrested in December and could be facing a death sentence. As the manager of several Telegram channels, he has already been sentenced to a fine of 4 million tomans on a charge of “publishing false information liable to disrupt public opinion.” But, according to his lawyer, he is also charged with “insulting the Prophet of Islam and the Holy Shia Imams” and “insulting government institutions and officials” although the offending comments were posted by subscribers to the channels, not by Amini himself. His trial on these charges is due to begin on 25 June.


RSF has meanwhile also learned that Said Ali Bighi, a citizen-journalist who supports the controversial former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has been sentenced to five years in prison and a two-year ban on social network activity because of his Telegram activities and for “insulting government institutions and officials” in articles and reports posted online.

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29.05.2018 -Deep concern about Soheil Arabi’s condition

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is extremely concerned about the state of health of Soheil Arabi, an imprisoned photographer who was awarded last year’s RSF Press Freedom Prize in the citizen-journalist category. After waiting outside “Great Tehran” prison for five hours yesterday, his mother was told by prison officials that he was not allowed to receive any visits. She finally learned from other detainees that he had been taken to hospital after a suicide attempt. He is now reportedly back in his cell but his family has not yet been given any official information about his condition.

RSF calls for Soheil Arabi’s immediate and unconditional release and points out that inhuman and degrading treatment of prisoners of conscience, including journalists and citizen-journalists, constitutes a gross violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a party. Many detainees have died in Iran as a result of such mistreatment.

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18.05.2018 - Majzooban Noor journalists complete third month in detention

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the appalling way that the Iranian authorities are treating 13 detained journalists and citizen-journalists employed by the independent Sufi news website Majzooban Noor, who will complete their third month of detention this weekend. They continue to be denied their fundamental rights, in violation of Iran’s laws and regulations as well as international law.


The ten men – Reza Entesari, Kasra Nouri, Mostafa Abdi, Saleh Moradi, Sina Entesari, Amir Nouri, Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Darvishi, Abass Dehghan and Poriya Nouri – are being held in Tehran’s Evin prison while the three women – Sepideh Moradi, Avisha Jalaledin and Shima Entesari – are now held in the notorious Gerchak women’s prison. All of them are being denied the right to visits and the right to medical care.


When arrested on the night of 19 February, they were badly beaten by police and plainclothes militiamen and most of them sustained hand or head fractures. According to the information obtained by RSF, they were then badly tortured by police and intelligence officials at Shahpour police station in south Tehran (which is notorious for torturing ordinary detained suspects) and in Section 209 of Evin prison (the section run by the intelligence ministry).

The authorities have just begun to secretly try them before revolutionary courts on charges of “plotting against national security,” “disobeying police orders” and “collaborating with the Majzooban Noor website.” They are not being defended by their lawyers at these trials.

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28.02.2018 - Badly injured Majzooban Nor journalists transferred to prison

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that Majzooban Nor news website journalists Reza Entesari and Kasra Nouri were transferred to Greater Tehran Prison on 23 February after recovering consciousness. They were arrested on the night of 19 February along with other contributors to the website including Mostafa Abdi, Avisha Jalaledin, Saleh Moradi, Sina Entesari, Shima Entesari, Amir Nouri, Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Darvishi and Sepideh Moradi. The journalists were badly beaten by police and plainclothes militiamen, as seen in this video, posted by the website’s editor, showing violence being used to arrest members of a Sufi religious order called the Gonabadi Dervishes.

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01.02.2018 - Photographer Soheil Arabi badly beaten during prison transfer

Reporters Without Borders is concerned about the physical condition of Soheil Arabi, an imprisoned photographer who was awarded the RSF Press Freedom Prize in the citizen-journalist category last November. After beginning a hunger strike in Tehran’s Evin prison on 25 January, he was transferred to Greater Tehran Prison, on the south side of the capital, four days later.

He reported to his mother on 30 January that he was badly beaten by guards at the time of his transfer. “Thirteen people grabbed me and beat me, but I am continuing my hunger strike,” he said. He began the hunger strike to protest against the transfer of two women political prisoners to a prison for ordinary inmates.


Arabi has been in prison since December 2013. After his arrest, he was mistreated and subjected to solitary confinement for two months to force him to confess to involvement in creating a Facebook network that “blasphemed” Islam and criticized the government. A long judicial saga ensued in which he was initially sentenced to three years in prison, 30 lashes and a heavy fine. A few months later, he was retried and sentenced to death, but the death sentence was eventually overturned and he was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison instead.

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31.01.2018 - Another citizen-journalist arrested

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that Omid Delfani, a citizen-journalist who managed a channel called Bahar e Moghavemat (Springtime of Resistance) on the popular encrypted messaging app Telegram, was arrested in the southwestern city of Khorramabad on 29 January after his home was searched in his absence. There is no official word on the reason for his arrest but Delfani is linked to those who support the controversial former president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The authorities have yet to say where he is being held. Delfani is the second citizen-journalist to be arrested in Khorramabad in recent weeks.

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24.01.2018 – Two journalists freed

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned with relief that Afarin Chitsaz, a journalist with the daily newspaper Iran, was freed on 22 January on completing a two-year jail term. One of the victims of a wave of arrests in November 2015, she was originally sentenced to ten years in prison in March 2016 on charges of anti-government propaganda, conspiring against officials and insulting officials. But a Tehran appeal court reduced the sentence to two years in prison and a two-year ban on working as a journalist after her release.


RSF has also learned that tech journalist Arash Zad, the editor of the Weblogina and ArashZad.net blogs, was freed on 25 decembre 2017 after being held for more than two years. Revolutionary Guard intelligence operatives arrested him at Tehran international airport on 31 July 2015 as he was about to depart at the end of a visit to Iran. His family chose to say nothing while he was held in Tehran’s Evin prison. He announced his release in a tweet.

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23.01.2018 – Arrests of citizen-journalists using Telegram

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the detention of Yousef Hassani Tabar, a citizen-journalist based in in the southwestern city of Khorramabad who edits a news channel called Seh Noghteh (Three Points) on the popular encrypted messaging app Telegram.


Three weeks after being arrested, charged and then freed on bail, Tabar was arrested again at his home by plainclothes members of the Revolutionary Guards and was taken to an unknown location, where he went on hunger strike until he was transferred to Khorramabad’s main prison. Plainclothesmen searched his workplace and his father’s home on 13 January, seizing all the mobile phones of his family and colleagues. The Seh Noghteh channel has announced its closure.


On 8 January, the prosecutor in the southeastern city of Kerman announced the arrests of eight people who edit news channels that use Telegram. RSF is currently verifying all of these cases. According to various sources, around 3,700 people have been arrested since the start of a wave of protest in more than 100 cities throughout Iran. Many citizen-journalists are among those arrested.

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16.01.2018 - Telegram accessible again in Iran

The Iranian authorities unblocked access to the encrypted messaging app Telegram on 13 January, two weeks after rendering it inaccessible because its founder, Pavel Durov, refused to shut down all the opposition channels using it during a major wave of anti-government protests. Telegram is very popular in Iran, where it has an estimated 40 million users. By using VPNs, many of them continued to access it during the blocking.


At the same time, the government and above all state radio and TV have tried to promote Iranian apps such as Soroush, a “national” app based on the source code of the French app Linphone that has been approved by the Cyberspace Supreme Council. Created at Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei’s behest in March 2012 to oversee the Internet, this body is headed by senior politicians and military officers.


The government has also unblocked other apps such as Instagram and WeChat, a Chinese social media app that cooperates closely with the Chinese government. Facebook and Twitter continue to be inaccessible in Iran, and the Internet as a whole continues to suffer frequent disruptions.

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10.01.2018 - Four citizen-journalists released

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned that four citizen-journalists who work for the pro-Sufi news website Majzooban Nor – Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Sharifi, Faezeh Abdipour and Kasra Nouri – were released provisionally yesterday after pressure from families, friends and supporters, who staged a sit-in outside Tehran’s Evin prison. The four citizen-journalists had been taken to Evin and Rajai Shahr prisons following their arrests by intelligence ministry agents on 31 December.

The families of hundreds of detainees have been gathering outside prisons throughout Iran, including the notorious Evin, because of concern about the fate of their loved-ones.

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09.01.2018 - Journalists interrogated in several provinces

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) yet again condemns the persecution of journalists in Iran. Many journalists and citizen-journalists have been summoned and questioned by intelligence ministry officials in Tehran and in the provincial cities of Isfahan, Machhad, Kermanshah and Mahabad. Khosro Kurdpour, the editor of the news website Mokeryan, was summoned twice on 31 December and again yesterday and was interrogated for several hours about his site’s coverage of protests in the western province of Kurdistan. Officials told him that the protests were illegal and that it was therefore illegal for the media to cover them. Kurdpour was already jailed for four years in connection with his journalistic activities, from November 2013 to September 2017.


At least 25 people have been killed and more than 3,700 people, including many citizen-journalists, have been arrested in the wave of protests in cities throughout the country that began on 28 December. According to several sources, at least three young protesters were killed while detained in Arak, Dezful and Tehran’s Evin prison. The regime claims that these detainees “committed suicide.”

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2017)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2016)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2015)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time ( January-December 2014)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time ( January-December 2013)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-December 2012)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-December 2011)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (July-December 2010)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-July 2010)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (June-December 2009)