News

April 7, 2021

Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020

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07.04.2021 – Three imprisoned journalists denied appropriate treatment for Covid

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is appalled to learn that three imprisoned Iranian journalists who have almost certainly caught Covid-19 – Baktash Abtin, Reza Khandan Mahabadi and Kayvan Samimi Behbahani– are being denied appropriate medical attention. They must be freed at once, RSF says. Abtin, 48, was transferred to the infirmary of Tehran’s Evin prison on 4 April with a serious pulmonary condition that was confirmed by X-ray. He had been given a PCR test for Covid-19 three days before that and got a negative result. Mahabadi, 59, and Behbahani, 72, also have Covid-19 symptoms and their condition is also very worrying.

 

The editor of the monthly Iran Farda, Behbahani has been serving a three-year jail sentence since last August, following his arrest during a May Day demonstration outside the Iranian parliament in 2019 that was organized by independent labour unions. After a previous arrest in June 2009, he was sentenced in February 2010 to six years in prison on charges of “publishing false information with the aim of confusing public opinion” and “activities against national security.” He was finally released in May 2015.

 

Abtin and Mahabadi are members of the Association of Iranian Writers who have been jailed since September 2020 along with a third member, Kayvan Bagen. All three are serving sentences ranging from three and half to six years in prison on charges of anti-government propaganda and illegally publishing an online newspaper on Facebook.

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17.03.2021 - Sentence of photographer Raha Askarizadeh confirmed

Photojournalist and women's rights activistRaha Askarizadeh was informed in early March that her sentence of two years in prison plus two years of ban on leaving the country and social media activity had been confirmed. Arrested in December 2019, she had been released on bail a month later pending trial. Two other photojournalists imprisoned last year, Alieh Motalebzadeh and Noushin Jafari, are serving three and five years in prison respectively.

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23.02.2021 - Release of a journalist

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned of the February 8 release of journalist and documentary filmmaker Hassan Fathi. Aged 64, he had been imprisoned on 7 May 2020 and sentenced to one and a half years in prison for "disturbing public opinion by publishing false information" after giving an interview to the BBC in the Persian language in 2018. For the past ten months in detention, he was pardoned on the occasion of the 42nd anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Iran.  

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19.02.2021 - Photojournalist arrested to serve 5-year jail term

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the arrest of Noushin Jafari, a photojournalist who specializes in covering cinema and theatre. She was suddenly arrested at her Tehran home on 17 February to begin serving the five-year prison sentence she received in October 2019, which has just been confirmed on appeal. “She was notified by the Tehran appeal court on 13 February and then, without any summons or warning, she was arrested and taken to Qarchak women’s prison,” said her lawyer, Amir Raisian. Qarchak is 40 km south of Tehran.

After her original arrest in August 2019 for having a Twitter account on which she “insulted Islam’s sacred values,” Jafari was held for two and a half months before being released on bail pending trial.

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10.02.2021 - Journalists summoned, arrested or sentenced

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) regrets that journalists continue to be systematically subjected to summonses, arrests and sentences in Iran.

The latest victims include at least one of the six people whose arrest for “operating seditious channels on the Telegram messaging app” was announced on 3 February by the head of the FTA cyber-police in the northern province of Mazandaran. RSF has learned that the detainees include Mohammad Safar Lafouti, a journalist who reportedly works for several media outlets. The “seditious media” label is often used against independent journalists and news websites.

 

Freelance journalist Fariborz Kalantari was sentenced on 7 February to three years in prison and 74 lashes for using his Telegram channel to circulate articles about the corruption charges brought against Vice-President Eshaq Djahangiri’s brother, Mehdi Djahangiri, who was sentenced to two years in prison on 26 January on a charge of “professional trafficking in foreign currencies” to the amount of 607,100 euros and 108,000 US dollars (89,000 euros).

 

Several activists have received summonses from the FTA or from revolutionary courts in recent weeks. They include Hosein Razzagh, a leading social media activist, who reported in a tweet on 31 January that he had been summoned to appear before a Tehran revolutionary court on a charge of anti-government propaganda. He said he would not go because the priority should be trying “those responsible for killing people on the streets [during the November 2019 protests], crimes in the sky [shooting down the Ukrainian passenger jet in January 2020] and executing innocent people [...] they are the priority.”

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05.02.2021 – Journalists arrested in two provinces, Kurdistan and Khuzestan

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns journalist Mahmoud Mahmoudi’s arrest on 31 January in Sanandaj, the capital of western Iran’s Kurdistan province. The editor of the weekly Agrin Rozh, he was arrested after criticizing a wave of arrests in the province, where at least 80 civil society activists have been placed in detention in different cities since the start of the year. He was provisionally released after the payment of a bond of 200 million tomans (approximately '200,000) pending his trial.

RSF has also learned that the citizen-journalist and civil society activist Shahab Nazari was returned to prison on 26 January to serve a one-year prison sentence. He reported in a tweet: “I must go to Evin prison. I have been convicted of anti-government propaganda as a result of a complaint by Revolutionary Guards in Khuzestan province [in the south of the country]. They convicted me for criticizing Khuzestan and Iranian government officials, posting photos of the young women of Revolution Street, and calling for the release of persons designated as ‘leaders of sedition’.”

In social media posts, Nazari had called for the release of Mir Hossein Mousavi, a former prime minister and owner of the now closed newspaper Kalameh Sabaz, Mousavi’s wife, the best-selling author Zahra Rahnavard, and Mehdi Karoubi, a former parliamentary speaker and owner of Etemad Melli, a newspaper that has also been closed. All three have been under house arrest for nearly ten years.

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27.01.2021 – Journalist jailed for defending two human rights activists

 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns journalist Reza Taleshian Jelodarzadeh’s arrest in Tehran on 13 January. The onetime editor of Sobeh Azadi, a weekly that was shut down in October 2011, he was taken to Greater Tehran Central Prison to begin serving the three-year jail sentence he received from a Tehran revolutionary court in June 2019 (and which an appeal court upheld a few months later). Convicted on charges of anti-government propaganda and “confusing online public opinion,” he was also sentenced to a fine of 40 million rials (800,000 euros) and a two-year ban on leaving the country and any political, journalistic or civil society activity. His crime was posting a photo of jailed workers’ rights activist Sepideh Gholian on his Instagram account. It showed Gholian and the meal of a small biscuit and an egg that she had been given in prison, and was captioned “A prisoner's share of food in the Islamic Republic.”  He also defended journalist and women’s rights activist Masih Alinejad on his Telegram channel Avangar. Previously arrested in 2012, Jelodarzadeh suffers from a seriously illness that is the result of an injury sustained during the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-1988.

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18.01.2021 -  Three women journalists released

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has learned of the release of three women journalists in recent weeks. One is Negar Masoudi, a photographer and documentary filmmaker who was released on bail of 1.5 billion toman (3 million euros) on 9 January pending trial. She was arrested on 1 November for photographing the disfigured faces of women who were the victims of a wave of acid attacks in the central city of Isfahan in October 2014.

 

Nada Sabouri and Roghieh (Ashraf) Nafari were released after receiving pardons on 5 December in connection with Iran’s religious festivities. A former journalist and civil society activist, Sabouri was arrested by officials from the Tehran prosecutor’s office on 7 August 2020 and was taken to Evin prison to serve a sentence of three and a half years in prison. Nafari had been returned to prison in October to begin serving a three-month sentence for tweets criticizing the government’s handling of the Covid-19 crisis.

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time January -December 2020)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time  (January -December 2019)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time  (January -December 2018)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2017)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2016)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January -December 2015)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time ( January-December 2014)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time ( January-December 2013)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-December 2012)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-December 2011)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (July-December 2010)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (January-July 2010)

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Press freedom violations recounted in real time (June-December 2009)