Justice Minister Stéphanie Vallée
1200, route de l'Église
Québec (Quebec) G1V 4M1
Public Security Minister Martin Coiteux
Tour des Laurentides
2525, boulevard Laurier
Québec (Quebec) G1V 2L2
December 21, 2017
We are writing on behalf of two non-profit, non-governmental organizations that work
to promote and protect press freedom and freedom of expression around the world:
Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) and Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
CJFE and RSF welcome the recommendations of the Chamberland Commission on
Protection of Confidentiality of Journalistic Sources, and its clear statements in support
of the important role of press freedom and source protection in democratic society.
The Chamberland Commission issued a report on December 14 in response to
revelations in 2016 that at least 13 Quebec journalists were targeted by a judicial
authorization application in order to ascertain the identity of their anonymous sources.
CJFE and RSF submitted a written memorandum to the Chamberland Commission that
offered recommendations to better protect source confidentiality.
The Quebec spying scandal was cited as one of the factors behind Canada’s decline in
this year’s RSF World Press Freedom Index. In 2016, Canada fell from 18th to 22nd place.
Only two years ago, Canada was ranked in the top 10.
CJFE and RSF endorse the Commission’s two key recommendations—one on the
protection of journalistic material and sources, and the other to prevent politically
motivated investigations by police forces. The adoption of a new Quebec Journalistic
Material and Sources Protection Act, echoing the recently passed federal law, would
help to ensure the protection of journalistic material and sources in all matters falling
under Quebec’s constitutional jurisdiction.
We suggest the definition of ‘journalist’ in any new legislation be widened beyond the
federal legislation to reflect the emergence of newer practitioners of journalism such as
citizen journalists, and to include the many who would not list the craft as their “main
CJFE and RSF also welcome the Commission’s supplementary recommendations
covering police investigation practices, judicial authorizations and contacts between
police and the media, and call on the government of Quebec to adopt them in full.
We applaud Justice Minister Stéphanie Vallée and Public Security Minister Martin
Coiteux for their promise to carry out the Commission’s recommendations. The government of Quebec must now act swiftly to enact the the Chamberland
Commission’s recommendations, and ensure that journalists in Quebec have the legal
protections they need to perform their crucial public-interest role.
We thank you for your attention and look forward to your reply.
RSF North America Director