Free but over-concentrated

Overall the French media are free and fairly well protected by the law. But the media landscape is dominated by big business groups with interests outside journalism. This leads to conflicts that threaten editorial independence and even the economic survival of the media outlets concerned. Canal+, a TV channel owned by billionaire Vincent Bolloré’s entertainment company Vivendi, was accused in December 2017 of promoting Togo, where Bolloré companies have made major investments. The Bolloré group and one of its partners, the Luxembourg holding company Socfin, have filed more than 20 lawsuits against media outlets in recent years. “Media bashing” is a growing problem: criticism of the news media by politicians and media personalities was particularly virulent during the 2017 presidential election campaign. Refusals to give accreditation to certain journalists meanwhile prompted an outcry from the media. The announcement of a proposed law to combat “fake news” was also the subject of intense debate.

in the 2018 World Press Freedom Index



39 in 2017

Global score


22.24 in 2017


  • 0
    journalists killed in 2019
  • 0
    citizens journalists killed in 2019
  • 0
    media assistants killed in 2019
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